A self-powered analog sensor-data-logging device based on Fowler-Nordheim dynamical systems

Darshit Mehta, Kenji Aono, Shantanu Chakrabartty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Continuous, battery-free operation of sensor nodes requires ultra-low-power sensing and data-logging techniques. Here we report that by directly coupling a sensor/transducer signal into globally asymptotically stable monotonic dynamical systems based on Fowler-Nordheim quantum tunneling, one can achieve self-powered sensing at an energy budget that is currently unachievable using conventional energy harvesting methods. The proposed device uses a differential architecture to compensate for environmental variations and the device can retain sensed information for durations ranging from hours to days. With a theoretical operating energy budget less than 10 attojoules, we demonstrate that when integrated with a miniature piezoelectric transducer the proposed sensor-data-logger can measure cumulative “action” due to ambient mechanical acceleration without any additional external power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5446
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

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