Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency in α-L-iduronidase (IDUA) that results in accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) throughout the body, causing numerous clinical defects. Intravenous administration of a γ-retroviral vector (γ-RV) with an intact long terminal repeat (LTR) reduced the clinical manifestations of MPS I, but could cause insertional mutagenesis. Although self-inactivating (SIN) γ-RVs in which the enhancer and promoter elements in the viral LTR are absent after transduction reduces this risk, such vectors could be less effective. This report demonstrates that intravenous (i.v.) injection of a SIN γ-RV expressing canine IDUA from the liver-specific human α 1-antitrypsin promoter into adult or newborn MPS I mice completely prevents biochemical abnormalities in several organs, and improved bone disease, vision, hearing, and aorta to a similar extent as was seen with administration of the LTR-intact vector to adults. Improvements were less profound than when using an LTR-intact γ-RV in newborns, which likely reflects a lower level of transduction and expression for the SIN vector-transduced mice, and might be overcome by using a higher dose of SIN vector. A SIN γ-RV vector ameliorates clinical manifestations of MPS I in mice and should be safer than an LTR-intact γ-RV.