A Review of Surgery for Atrial Fibrillation

JAMES L. COX, JOHN P. BOINEAU, RICHARD B. SCHUESSLER, T. BRUCE FERGUSON, BRUCE D. LINDSAY, MICHAEL E. CAIN, PETER B. CORR, KATHY M. KATER, DEMETRIOS G. LAPPAS

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

A Review of Surgery for Atrial Fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is the most common of all sustained cardiac arrhythmias, yet it has no effective medical or surgical therapy. During the past decade, multipoint computerized electrophysiologic mapping systems were used to map both experimental and human atrial fibrillation. On the basis of these studies, a new surgical procedure was developed for atrial fibrillation. Between September 25, 1987, and July 1, 1991, this procedure was applied in 22 patients with paroxysmal atrial flutter (n = 2), paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (n = 11), or chronic atrial fibrillation (n = 9) of 2 to 21 years duration. All patients were refractory to all antiarrhythmic medications, and each patient failed to receive the desired therapeutic benefits of an average of five drugs administered preoperatively. There were no operative deaths and all perioperative morbidity resolved. All 22 patients have been successfully treated for atrial fibrillation with surgery alone. Preservation of atrial transport function has been documented in all patients postoperatively, and all have experienced marked clinical improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-561
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

Keywords

  • intraoperative mapping
  • reentry
  • supraventricular tachyarrhythmias

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