A Retrospective Multi-Institutional Cohort Analysis of Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes in Dedifferentiated Chondrosarcoma

Nam Bui, Hilary Dietz, Sheima Farag, Angela C. Hirbe, Michael J. Wagner, Brian A. Van Tine, Kristen Ganjoo, Robin L. Jones, Vicki L. Keedy, Elizabeth J. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma (DDCS) is a rare subset of chondrosarcoma. It is an aggressive neoplasm characterized by a high rate of recurrent and metastatic disease with overall poor outcomes. Systemic therapy is often used to treat DDCS; however, the optimal regimen and timing are not well defined, with current guidelines recommending following osteosarcoma protocols. Methods: We conducted a multi-institutional retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with DDCS. Between 1 January 2004 and 1 January 2022, the databases from five academic sarcoma centers were reviewed. Patient and tumor factors, including age, sex, tumor size, site, location, the treatments rendered, and survival outcomes, were collected. Results: Seventy-four patients were identified and included in the analysis. Most patients presented with localized disease. Surgical resection was the mainstay of therapy. Chemotherapy was used predominantly in the metastatic setting. Partial responses were low (n = 4; 9%) and occurred upon treatment with doxorubicin with cisplatin or ifosfamide and single-agent pembrolizumab. For all other regimens, stable disease was the best response. Prolonged stable disease occurred with the use of pazopanib and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Conclusions: DDCS has poor outcomes and conventional chemotherapy has limited benefit. Future studies should focus on defining the possible role of molecularly targeted therapies and immunotherapy in the treatment of DDCS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2617
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • bone sarcoma
  • chondrosarcoma
  • dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma
  • sarcoma

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