A rare novel mutation in TECTA causes autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss in a Mongolian family

Haihua Bai, Xukui Yang, Temuribagen, Guilan, Suyalatu, Narisu Narisu, Huiguang Wu, Yujie Chen, Yangjian Liu, Qizhu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The genetic basis of autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss is complex. Genetic factors are responsible for approximately 50% of cases with congenital hearing loss. However, no previous studies have documented the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss in Mongolians.Methods: In this study, we performed exon capture sequencing of a Mongolian family with hereditary hearing loss and identified a novel mutation in TECTA gene, which encodes α -tectorin, a major component of the inner ear extracellular matrix that contacts the specialized sensory hair cells.Results: The novel G → T missense mutation at nucleotide 6016 results in a substitution of amino acid aspartate at 2006 with tyrosine (Asp2006Tyr) in a highly conserved zona pellucida (ZP) domain of α-tectorin. The mutation is not found in control subjects from the same family with normal hearing and a genotype-phenotype correlation is observed.Conclusion: A novel missense mutation c.6016 G > T (p.Asp2006Tyr) of TECTA gene is a characteristic TECTA-related mutation which causes autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss. Our result indicated that mutation in TECTA gene is responsible for the hearing loss in this Mongolian family.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2014

Keywords

  • Autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss
  • Mongolian family
  • TECTA gene

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