A rapid dynamic in vivo near-infrared fluorescence imaging assay to track lung vascular permeability after acute radiation injury

Jaidip Jagtap, Said Audi, Mir Hadi Razeghi-Kondelaji, Brian L. Fish, Christopher Hansen, Jayashree Narayan, Feng Gao, Gayatri Sharma, Abdul K. Parchur, Anjishnu Banerjee, Carmen Bergom, Meetha Medhora, Amit Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


To develop a dynamic in vivo near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging assay to quantify sequential changes in lung vascular permeability- surface area product (PS) in rodents. Dynamic NIR imaging methods for determining lung vascular permeability-surface area product were developed and tested on non-irradiated and 13 Gy irradiated rats with/without treatment with lisinopril, a radiation mitigator. A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model of indocyanine green (ICG) pulmonary disposition was applied to in vivo imaging data and PS was estimated. In vivo results were validated by five accepted assays: ex vivo perfused lung imaging, endothelial filtration coefficient (Kf) measurement, pulmonary vascular resistance measurement, Evan's blue dye uptake, and histopathology. A PBPK model-derived measure of lung vascular permeability-surface area product increased from 2.60 ± 0.40 [CL: 2.42-2.78] mL/min in the non-irradiated group to 6.94 ± 8.25 [CL: 3.56-10.31] mL/min in 13 Gy group after 42 days. Lisinopril treatment lowered PS in the 13 Gy group to 4.76 ± 6.17 [CL: 2.12-7.40] mL/min. A much higher up to 5× change in PS values was observed in rats exhibiting severe radiation injury. Ex vivo Kf(mL/min/cm H2O/g dry lung weight), a measure of pulmonary vascular permeability, showed similar trends in lungs of irradiated rats (0.164 ± 0.081 [CL: 0.11-0.22]) as compared to non-irradiated controls (0.022 ± 0.003 [CL: 0.019-0.025]), with reduction to 0.070 ± 0.035 [CL: 0.045-0.096] for irradiated rats treated with lisinopril. Similar trends were observed for ex vivo pulmonary vascular resistance, Evan's blue uptake, and histopathology. Our results suggest that whole body dynamic NIR fluorescence imaging can replace current assays, which are all terminal. The imaging accurately tracks changes in PS and changes in lung interstitial transport in vivo in response to radiation injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L436-L450
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Lisinopril
  • Lung perfusion and permeability
  • Near-infrared fluorescence
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • X-ray irradiation


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