A randomized comparative trial of early initiation of oral maternal feeding versus conventional oral feeding after cesarean delivery

Shabeen N. Masood, Yasir Masood, Uzma Naim, Muhammad F. Masood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To compare the effects of two maternal feeding policies - early versus conventional oral feeding - after cesarean delivery. Methods This prospective multicenter randomized comparative trial was conducted at tertiary care hospitals in Sindh, Pakistan, from 2010 to 2012. Women with an uncomplicated cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were allocated to an intervention of early (after 2 hours) or conventional (after 18 hours) initiation of oral feeding. Outcomes included maternal ambulation, maternal satisfaction, gastrointestinal functions, and length of hospital stay. Results In total, 1174 women (n = 587 per group) were included in the final analysis. Gastrointestinal complications were not significantly different between the two groups. Lower intensities of thirst and hunger and a higher rate of maternal satisfaction were observed in the early feeding group (P < 0.05), and 53.8% of women in this group were able to ambulate within 15 hours of surgery, compared with 27.9% of women in the conventional feeding group. The frequencies of readmission, febrile morbidity, and wound infection were insignificant. Conclusion Early oral dietary initiation after cesarean delivery resulted in early ambulation, greater maternal satisfaction, and reduced length of hospital stay, with no detrimental outcomes, making this practice cost-effective. Hence, day-care cesarean delivery might be an option in resource-constrained settings. Trial Registration number: ChiCTR-TRC-13003651, http://www.chictr.org

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-119
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Day-care cesarean delivery
  • Early ambulation
  • Early oral maternal feeding
  • Length of hospital stay
  • Maternal satisfaction
  • Maternal thirst and hunger

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