A quantized mechanism for activation of pannexin channels

Yu Hsin Chiu, Xueyao Jin, Christopher B. Medina, Susan A. Leonhardt, Volker Kiessling, Brad C. Bennett, Shaofang Shu, Lukas K. Tamm, Mark Yeager, Kodi S. Ravichandran, Douglas A. Bayliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pannexin 1 (PANX1) subunits form oligomeric plasma membrane channels that mediate nucleotide release for purinergic signalling, which is involved in diverse physiological processes such as apoptosis, inflammation, blood pressure regulation, and cancer progression and metastasis. Here we explore the mechanistic basis for PANX1 activation by using wild type and engineered concatemeric channels. We find that PANX1 activation involves sequential stepwise sojourns through multiple discrete open states, each with unique channel gating and conductance properties that reflect contributions of the individual subunits of the hexamer. Progressive PANX1 channel opening is directly linked to permeation of ions and large molecules (ATP and fluorescent dyes) and occurs during both irreversible (caspase cleavage-mediated) and reversible (α1 adrenoceptor-mediated) forms of channel activation. This unique, quantized activation process enables fine tuning of PANX1 channel activity and may be a generalized regulatory mechanism for other related multimeric channels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14324
JournalNature communications
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2017

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