A quantitative approach to evaluating interictal epileptiform discharges based on interpretable quantitative criteria

Fábio A. Nascimento, Jaden D. Barfuss, Alex Jaffe, M. Brandon Westover, Jin Jing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To provide quantitative measures of the six International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) criteria for interictal epileptiform discharge (IED) identification and estimate the likelihood of a candidate IED being epileptiform. Methods: We designed an algorithm to identify five fiducial landmarks (onset, peak, trough, slow-wave peak, offset) of a candidate IED, and from these to quantify the six IFCN features of IEDs. Another model was trained with these features to quantify the probability that the waveform is epileptiform and incorporated into a user-friendly interface. Results: The model's performance is excellent (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) = 0.88; calibration error 0.03) but lower than human experts (receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is below experts’ operating points) or a deep neural-network model (SpikeNet; AUCROC = 0.97; calibration error 0.04). The six features were all significant (p<0.001), but not equally important when determining potential epileptiform nature of candidate IEDs: waveform asymmetry was the most (coefficient 0.64) and duration the least discriminative (coefficient 0.09). Conclusions: Our approach quantifies the six IFCN criteria for IED identification and combines them in an easily interpretable, accessible fashion that accurately captures the likelihood that a candidate waveform is epileptiform. Significance: This model may assist clinical electroencephalographers decide whether candidate waveforms are epileptiform and may assist trainees learn to identify IEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-17
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume146
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Education
  • Epileptiform discharges
  • Interictal epileptiform discharges

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