A Prospective, Single-Blind, Randomized, Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Fibrin Sealant Grifols as an Adjunct to Hemostasis During Soft Tissue Open Surgery

on behalf of the Fibrin Sealant Grifols in Soft Tissue Surgery Study Clinical Investigation Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Rapid hemostasis, an essential prerequisite of good surgical practice during surgical bleeding, including soft tissue open surgery, often requires adjunctive treatment. We evaluated the safety and hemostatic effectiveness of a human plasma-derived fibrin sealant (FS Grifols) in soft tissue open surgery. Methods: Patients with moderate soft tissue bleeding during open, urologic, gynecologic or general surgery were studied. The trial consisted of a preliminary phase (to familiarize investigators with the technique for FS Grifols application and the intraoperative procedures required by the clinical protocol) and a primary phase: in both phases, patients were randomized 1:1 to FS Grifols or Surgicel®. The primary efficacy endpoint, based on analysis of subjects in the primary phase of the study, was to evaluate whether FS Grifols was non-inferior to Surgicel® in achieving hemostasis, based on the proportion of subjects in both treatment groups who achieved hemostasis at the target bleeding site (TBS) by 4 min (T4) following the start of treatment application. Safety assessments included adverse events (AEs), vital signs, physical assessments, common clinical laboratory tests, viral markers, and immunogenicity. Results: A total of 224 subjects were randomized (primary phase): FS Grifols (N = 116), Surgicel® (N = 108). The 95% CI at T4 for the ratio of the proportion of patients achieving hemostasis in the two treatment groups was 1.064 (0.934, 1.213), indicating non-inferiority for FS Grifols vs. Surgicel®. The rate of hemostasis at the TBS by T4 in both phases of the study was higher in the FS Grifols treatment group (preliminary phase: 90.2%; primary phase: 82.8%) than in the Surgicel® treatment group (preliminary phase: 78.8%; primary phase: 77.8%). Overall, reported AEs were as expected in surgical patients and were similar between the two treatment groups. Conclusions: This study shows the non-inferiority in time to hemostasis of FS Grifols vs. Surgicel as an adjunct to hemostasis in patients undergoing soft tissue open surgery, and a similar rate of AEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-230
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Investigative Surgery
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2020

Keywords

  • Fibrin Sealant Grifols
  • Surgicel
  • hemostasis
  • plasma-derived
  • soft tissue surgery

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