Study objective: To evaluate whether an Intensive Cardiac Rehabilitation (ICR) program improves depression and cardiac self-efficacy among patients with a qualifying cardiac diagnosis. Design: Prospective, longitudinal cohort design. Setting: Single-center, tertiary referral, outpatient cardiac rehabilitation center. Participants: Patients with a qualifying diagnosis for ICR. Interventions: Outpatient ICR. Main outcome measure(s): Mental health, as assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and cardiac self-efficacy using the Cardiac Self-Efficacy (CSE) scale. Results: Of the 268 patients included (median age 69 y, 73% men), 70% had no depressive symptoms at baseline (PHQ-9 score <5). PHQ-9 scores improved in the overall sample (p < 0.0001), with greater improvements among patients with mild depressive symptoms at baseline (−4 points, p < 0.001) and those with moderate to severe depressive symptoms at baseline (−5.5 points, p < 0.001). Cardiac self-efficacy improved overall, and the two subsections of the cardiac self-efficacy questionnaire titled, “maintain function” and “control symptoms” improved (all p < 0.001). Conclusions: Participation in an outpatient ICR program is associated with fewer depressive symptoms and greater cardiac self-efficacy among patients with CVD who qualify for ICR. The improvement in depression was greatest for those with moderate to severe depressive symptoms.
|Journal||American Heart Journal Plus: Cardiology Research and Practice|
|State||Published - Jan 2022|
- Cardiac self-efficacy
- Cardiovascular disease
- Intensive Cardiac Rehabilitation