A potently neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 antibody inhibits variants of concern by utilizing unique binding residues in a highly conserved epitope

Laura A. VanBlargan, Lucas J. Adams, Zhuoming Liu, Rita E. Chen, Pavlo Gilchuk, Saravanan Raju, Brittany K. Smith, Haiyan Zhao, James Brett Case, Emma S. Winkler, Bradley M. Whitener, Lindsay Droit, Ishmael D. Aziati, Traci L. Bricker, Astha Joshi, Pei Yong Shi, Adrian Creanga, Amarendra Pegu, Scott A. Handley, David WangAdrianus C.M. Boon, James E. Crowe, Sean P.J. Whelan, Daved H. Fremont, Michael S. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants with increased transmissibility and potential resistance, antibodies and vaccines with broadly inhibitory activity are needed. Here, we developed a panel of neutralizing anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that bound the receptor binding domain of the spike protein at distinct epitopes and blocked virus attachment to its host receptor, human angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (hACE2). Although several potently neutralizing mAbs protected K18-hACE2 transgenic mice against infection caused by ancestral SARS-CoV-2 strains, others induced escape variants in vivo or lost neutralizing activity against emerging strains. One mAb, SARS2-38, potently neutralized all tested SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and protected mice against challenge by multiple SARS-CoV-2 strains. Structural analysis showed that SARS2-38 engaged a conserved epitope proximal to the receptor binding motif. Thus, treatment with or induction of neutralizing antibodies that bind conserved spike epitopes may limit the loss of potency of therapies or vaccines against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2399-2416.e6
JournalImmunity
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2021

Keywords

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • neutralizing antibodies
  • variants of concern

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A potently neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 antibody inhibits variants of concern by utilizing unique binding residues in a highly conserved epitope'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this