A potential role for the XRCC2 R188H polymorphic site in DNA-damage repair and breast cancer

Subrata Chattopadhyay, Masumi Ito, Jonathan D. Cooper, Andrew I. Brooks, Timothy M. Curran, James M. Powers, David A. Pearce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


An acquired genetic instability, resulting from the loss of some types of DNA repair, is an early event in the development of a subset of human cancers. The involvement of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in the homologous recombination repair (HRR) of double-strand breaks in DNA implicates this pathway in the suppression of breast cancer. A family of proteins related to human RAD51, including XRCC2, are essential components of this repair pathway. Using site-directed mutagenesis of XRCC2, we show that non-conservative substitution or deletion of amino acid 188 of XRCC2 can significantly affect cellular sensitivity to DNA damage, and that a polymorphic variant at this site (R188H), present on 6% of chromosomes in the population, has a weak effect on damage sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that the R188H polymorphism could be a low-penetrance susceptibility factor for breast cancer, by genotyping 521 women with breast cancer and a total of 895 control women. Carriage of the rare allele of XRCC2 R188H was associated with breast cancer overall [odds ratio 1.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.0, 1.8)] and when younger-onset cases with a positive family history were compared with older controls with no family history [odds ratio 1.9; 95% CI = (1.0, 3.8)]. These results support the hypothesis that subtle variation in DNA repair capacity may influence cancer susceptibility in the population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)XX1433-1438
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002


Dive into the research topics of 'A potential role for the XRCC2 R188H polymorphic site in DNA-damage repair and breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this