One proposed function of the asialoglycoprotein receptor in hepatocytes is to mediate the endocytosis of galactose and N-acetylgalactosamine-exposing glycoproteins. Recently we defined a pool of intracellular H1 subunits of the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 which appeared not to be involved in endocytosis (Stoorvogel, W., Geuze, H. J., Griffith, J. M., Schwartz, A. L., and Strous, G. J. (1989) J. Cell Biol. 108, 2137-2148). In addition, a pool of stably phosphorylated intracellular ASGPR has been detected (Fallon, R. J., and Schwartz, A. L. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 13159-13166). In the current study we integrate these findings and provide evidence for the existence of two types of intracellular nonexchangeable compartments containing ASGPR. A transiently phosphorylated pool of ASGPR shuttles between the plasma membrane and endosomes, via a pathway identical to that of the transferrin receptor. The second pool comprises 20% of the total intracellular ASGPR, is stably phosphorylated at a serine residue, and is located in intracellular compartments devoid of recycling transferrin receptor. We refer to this ASGPR pool as the ''silent pool.'' We furthermore show that the two receptor pools are confined to compartments exhibiting different buoyant densities on sucrose density gradients. ASGPR in the ''silent pool'' is fully glycosylated, suggesting a post-Golgi sorting mechanism for trafficking to this compartment. Possible functions of the ''silent'' ASGPR pool are discussed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 22 1991|