A phase II trial of lenalidomide plus rituximab in previously untreated follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL): CALGB 50803 (Alliance)

Peter Martin, S. H. Jung, B. Pitcher, N. L. Bartlett, K. A. Blum, T. Shea, E. D. Hsi, J. Ruan, S. E. Smith, J. P. Leonard, B. D. Cheson

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60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This multicenter, phase II trial tested the tolerability and efficacy of lenalidomide plus rituximab in patients with previously untreated follicular lymphoma (FL). Patients and methods: Patients with grade 1-3a FL, stage 3-4 or bulky stage 2, FL international prognostic index (FLIPI) 0-2, and no prior therapy were eligible to receive rituximab 375 mg/m2 weekly during cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 4, 6, 8, and 10, plus lenalidomide 20-25mg on days 1-21 for twelve 28-day cycles. The primary objectives were to evaluate response rates [complete (CR) and overall] and time to progression. Secondary objectives included toxicity, response according to polymorphisms in FcgR2A and FcgR3A, and changes in circulating pro-angiogenic cells. Results: From October 2010 to September 2011, 66 patients were enrolled. Median age was 53 years, 34 were female, 15 had bulky disease, 21 were FLIPI 0-1, 43 FLIPI 2, and 2 FLIPI 3. One patient withdrew before receiving treatment. Fifty-one patients completed 12 cycles of lenalidomide. Reasons for discontinuation included withdrawal (n = 6), adverse events (n = 6), progression (n = 2). Grade 3-4 hematologic toxicity included neutropenia (21%), lymphopenia (9%), and thrombocytopenia (2%), infection (11%), and rash (8%). Grade 1-2 toxicity included fatigue (78%), diarrhea (37%), rash (32%), and febrile neutropenia in one patient. The overall response rate was 95%; the CR rate was 72% (95% confidence interval, 60% to 83%). With a median follow-up of 5 years, the 2- and 5-year progression-free survival were 86% and 70%, respectively, and the 5-year overall survival was 100%. There was no association between CR rate or PFS and FLIPI, histological grade, bulky disease, FcgR2A/FcgR3A polymorphism, or change in circulating endothelial cell/hematopoietic progenitor cell. Conclusion: Lenalidomide plus rituximab was associated with low rates of grade 3-4 toxicity, yielded a CR rate and PFS similar to chemotherapy-based treatment and may represent a reasonable alternative to immunochemotherapy in previously untreated FL. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01145495.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2806-2812
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Follicular lymphoma
  • Lenalidomide
  • Rituximab

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