A phase II trial of brivanib in recurrent or persistent endometrial cancer: An NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group Study

Matthew A. Powell, Michael W. Sill, Paul J. Goodfellow, Doris M. Benbrook, Heather A. Lankes, Kimberly K. Leslie, Yvette Jeske, Robert S. Mannel, Monique A. Spillman, Paula S. Lee, James S. Hoffman, D. Scott McMeekin, Pamela M. Pollock

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69 Scopus citations


Brivanib, an oral, multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with activity against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) was investigated as a single agent in a phase II trial to assess the activity and tolerability in recurrent or persistent endometrial cancer (EMC).

Patients and Methods. Eligible patients had persistent or recurrent EMC after receiving one to two prior cytotoxic regimens,measurable disease, and performance status of≤2. Treatment consisted of brivanib 800mg orally every day until disease progression or prohibitive toxicity. Primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) at six months and objective tumor response. Expression of multiple angiogenic proteins and FGFR2 mutation status was assessed.

Results. Forty-five patients were enrolled. Forty-three patients were eligible and evaluable. Median age was 64 years. Twenty-four patients (55.8%) received prior radiation. Median number of cycles was two (range 1-24). No GI perforations but one rectal fistula were seen. Nine patients had grade 3 hypertension, with one experiencing grade 4 confusion. Eight patients (18.6%; 90% CI 9.6%-31.7%) had responses (one CR and sevenPRs), and 13 patients (30.2%; 90% CI 18.9%-43.9%) were PFS at six months.Median PFS and overall survival (OS) were 3.3 and 10.7 months, respectively. When modeled jointly, VEGF and angiopoietin-2 expression may diametrically predict PFS. Estrogen receptor-α (ER) expression was positively correlated with OS.

Conclusion. Brivanib is reasonably well tolerated and worthy of further investigation based on PFS at six months in recurrent or persistent EMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • Brivanib
  • Endometrial cancer


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