A phase II study of irinotecan and carboplatin in advanced non-small cell lung cancer with pharmacogenomic analysis: Final report

Giancarlo A. Pillot, William L. Read, Kristin L. Hennenfent, Sharon Marsh, Feng Gao, Avinash Viswanathan, Kristopher Cummings, Howard L. McLeod, Ramaswamy Govindan

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30 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: We conducted a phase II study of carboplatin and irinotecan in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, we studied the correlation between certain genotypes of enzymes involved in irinotecan metabolism with efficacy and toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage IIIB, IV, or recurrent NSCLC received a combination of irinotecan and carboplatin every 3 weeks at a dose of 200 mg/m2 and area under the curve of 5. Pharmacogenomic analysis was performed on several genes of interest (ABCB1, CYP3A4*1B, ERCC2, GSTP1, UGT1A1*28, and XRCC1). RESULTS: Forty-two patients enrolled between December 2001 and January 2004. Six patients achieved partial responses (14%), and 19 (45%) had stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 6.9 months. The median overall survival was 11.7 months, with 1-year overall survival of 42%. The most common toxicities were hematologic; grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was experienced by 26 patients (62%) during treatment, and 15 patients (36%) experienced grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia. The homozygous UGT1A1*28 (7/7) genotype was associated with grade 4 neutropenia in three of four patients (75%), but only eight out of 30 (27%) with 6/6 or 6/7 genotypes experienced grade 4 neutropenia (p = 0.09). None of the 14 patients with the GSTP1 I105V A/A genotype had a partial response, as opposed to five out of 19 (26%) of those with the G/A or G/G genotypes (p = 0.057). CONCLUSION: The combination of carboplatin and irinotecan is an active combination in NSCLC, with response rates comparable with other platinum-containing doublets. Further studies with irinotecan should incorporate prospective pharmacogenomic analysis to identify markers for response and toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)972-978
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 2006


  • Carboplatin
  • Irinotecan
  • Metastasis
  • Non-small cell lung cancer


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