A phase II study of everolimus in patients with advanced solid malignancies with TSC1, TSC2, NF1, NF2 or STK11 mutations

Siddhartha Devarakonda, Bruna Pellini, Luke Verghese, Haeseong Park, Daniel Morgensztern, Ramaswamy Govindan, Rama Suresh, Peter Oppelt, Maria Q. Baggstrom, Ningying Wu, Saiama N. Waqar

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8 Scopus citations


Background: Activation of the mTOR pathway has been implicated in the development of several malignancies and alterations in TSC1, TSC2, STK11 and NF1, can lead to the dysregulation of this pathway. Furthermore, mutations in TSC1 and NF2 are known to confer sensitivity to everolimus-an mTOR inhibitor. Based on these data, a single-arm, open label, single-institution phase II basket study was designed to assess the activity of everolimus in patients with solid malignancies whose tumors harbored mutations in TSC1, TSC2, NF1, NF2, or STK11. Methods: A total of 12 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced solid tumors (metastatic, recurrent, or unresectable) with mutations in TSC1, TSC2, NF1, NF2 or STK11 genes, who had failed at least one line of standard of care systemic therapy, were enrolled to this open label, single-arm study. Presence of mutations in TSC1, TSC2, NF1, NF2 or STK11 genes was assessed using targeted-next generation sequencing (NGS). All eligible patients were treated with everolimus at an initial dose of 10 mg orally once daily in cycles of 28 days. The primary endpoint of this study was overall response rate (ORR). Results: Of 12 patients enrolled, 8 were evaluable for response at the end of 2 cycles. One complete response (CR) was observed (12.5%) and one patient (12.5%) had stable disease (SD), while six (75%) patients showed disease progression. Everolimus was overall well tolerated with anemia, decreased neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, peripheral edema and hyperglycemia representing the most common adverse events. One patient discontinued treatment due to a treatment related grade 4 pericardial effusion. Both patients with CR or SD had a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma with NF1 or STK11 mutations, respectively. Conclusions: Although this study failed to meet its prespecified ORR threshold for success of 30% or higher, exploratory analyses suggest potential activity for everolimus in a subset of patients with lung adenocarcinomas with STK11 or NF1 mutations. Further studies are necessary to systematically explore the clinical activity of everolimus, potentially as a combination therapy, in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4054-4062
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Everolimus
  • Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)
  • NF1
  • STK11
  • Solid tumor


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