A Phase i Study of Apolizumab, an Anti-HLA-DR ß-chain Monoclonal Antibody, in Patients with Solid Tumor Malignancies

Paula M. Fracasso, Sherry A. Goodner, Jonathan D. Wildi, Michael J. Naughton, Gerald P. Linette, Ramaswamy Govindan, Benjamin R. Tan, Kristie A. Blum, Gary J. Jones, Tillman E. Pearce, Daniel J. Levitt, Gerald H. Clamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR, a member of the major histocompatibility complex class II antigen family, is a target for antibody-based therapeutics. Apolizumab (Hu1D10, Remitogen), a humanized IgG1 monoclonal anti-HLA-DR ß-chain antibody targets the antigen, 1D10, expressed on a wide variety of hematologic and solid tumor malignancies. In this Phase 1 trial, the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of weekly apolizumab in patients with advanced solid tumor malignancies were determined. Patients and Methods: Eligible patients with refractory solid tumors were initially screened for ID10 Ag on their tumor. Patients whose tumors expressed 1D10 were administered apolizumab 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, or 3.0 mg/kg intravenously over 90 minutes weekly for 4 consecutive weeks, followed by a 4-week break, and assessment of response. Patients whose disease had not progressed were offered additional treatment. Results: Tumors from 75 patients were screened for 1D10 Ag of which 17 patients were positive and underwent treatment. The first 3 dose levels were well-tolerated. Dose-limiting toxicities of grade 3 infusion-related hypersensitivity reactions and grade 3 headache and hypertension occurred in 2 patients, respectively, at apolizumab 3.0 mg/kg. Four patients, 1 each with breast carcinoma, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and sarcoma had stable disease for a median of 15 weeks (range: 12 to 19 wk). Conclusion: Apolizumab can be administered safely at a maximum tolerated dose of 1.5 mg/kg for 4 consecutive weeks. Adverse events and limited clinical data in both hematologic and solid tumor malignancies resulted in discontinuation of clinical development of apolizumab. HLA-DR remains an interesting immunotherapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-297
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • Hu1D10 Antibody
  • Remitogen
  • anti-HLA-DR ß-chain antibody
  • apolizumab


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