Background: Ontuxizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, targets endosialin (tumor endothelial marker 1 [TEM-1] or CD248), which is expressed on sarcoma cells and is believed to be involved in tumor angiogenesis. This is the first trial to evaluate ontuxizumab in patients with sarcoma. Methods: Part 1 was an open-label, dose-finding, safety lead-in: 4, 6, or 8 mg/kg with gemcitabine and docetaxel (G/D; 900 mg/m2 gemcitabine on days 1 and 8 and 75 mg/m2 docetaxel on day 8). In part 2, patients were randomized in a double-blind fashion in 2:1 ratio to ontuxizumab (8 mg/kg) or a placebo with G/D. Randomization was stratified by 4 histological cohorts. Results: In part 2 with 209 patients, no significant difference in progression-free survival between ontuxizumab plus G/D (4.3 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.7-6.3 months) and the placebo plus G/D (5.6 months; 95% CI, 2.6-8.3 months) was observed (P =.67; hazard ratio [HR], 1.07; 95% CI, 0.77-1.49). Similarly, there was no significant difference in median overall survival between the 2 groups: 18.3 months for the ontuxizumab plus G/D group (95% CI, 16.2-21.1 months) and 21.1 months for the placebo plus G/D group (95% CI, 14.2 months to not reached; P =.32; HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.82-1.82). No significant differences between the treatment groups occurred for any efficacy parameter by sarcoma cohort. The combination of ontuxizumab plus G/D was generally well tolerated. Conclusions: Ontuxizumab plus G/D showed no enhanced activity over chemotherapy alone in soft-tissue sarcomas, whereas the safety profile of the combination was consistent with G/D alone.
- tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM-1)