A novel sub-millimeter resolution PET detector with TOF capability

Tianpeng Xu, Jie Wen, Qiang Wang, Qingyang Wei, Tianyu Ma, Yaqiang Liu, Yuan Chuan Tai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed a PET detector module based on sub-millimeter lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) crystal block and prototype Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) arrays with additional fast timing output. The LSO array consists of 20×20 crystals of which each pixel is 0.78 × 0.78×3 mm3 and the pitch is 0.8 mm due to the reflector between pixels. The FM SiPM array and FB SiPM array are arranged 4×4 with 4×4mm2 size for each pixel and 0.2mm gap between adjacent pixels. Through dual readout of both fast and standard output signals from this new SiPM, good energy and timing performance can be achieved at the same time. Through multiplexing and summing scheme and charge division resistor network, sixteen channels of fast output and sixteen channels of standard output are reduced to one fast timing signal and four energy signals, making the detector block compact and scalable in building PET scanners. The performance of FM and FB detector module was evaluated. 16×16 LSO crystals were resolved in the flood image and the edge crystals could be identified if a light guide was used. The average energy resolution of FM detector and FB detector were 15.3% ±1.4% and 11.3% ± 0.7%,respectively, at 511 KeV. Through time pick-off method of leading edge discriminator (LED), the average coincidence resolving timing (CRT) of the block against a 3x3x20mm3 coupled with a FB30035 pixel were 401± 10 ps for FM detector and 303 ± 16 ps for FB detector. The average block-to-block CRT were estimated to be 495 ps for FM detector and 324 ps for FB detector. The FB array has demonstrated a better performance due to its much higher PDE at 420nm wavelength than FM array. We conclude that the proposed design is feasible for developing sub-millimeter resolution TOF PET detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781479905348
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event2013 60th IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2013 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Oct 27 2013Nov 2 2013

Publication series

NameIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
ISSN (Print)1095-7863

Conference

Conference2013 60th IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2013
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period10/27/1311/2/13

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