A novel missense HGD gene mutation, K57N, in a patient with alkaptonuria

Jonathan M. Grasko, Amanda J. Hooper, Jeffrey W. Brown, C. James McKnight, John R. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Alkaptonuria is a rare recessive disorder of phenylalanine/tyrosine metabolism due to a defect in the enzyme homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (HGD) caused by mutations in the HGD gene. We report the case of a 38 year-old male with known alkaptonuria who was referred to an adult metabolic clinic after initially presenting to an emergency department with renal colic and subsequently passing black ureteric calculi. He complained of severe debilitating lower back pain, worsening over the last few years. A CT scan revealed marked degenerative changes and severe narrowing of the disc spaces along the entire lumbar spine. Sequencing of the HGD gene revealed that he was a compound heterozygote for a previously described missense mutation in exon 13 (G360R) and a novel missense mutation in exon 3 (K57N). Lys57 is conserved among species and mutation of this residue is predicted to affect HGD protein function by interfering with substrate traffic at the active site. In summary, we describe an alkaptonuric patient and report a novel missense HGD mutation, K57N. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-256
Number of pages3
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 2009


  • Alkaptonuria
  • HGD
  • Homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase
  • Homogentisic acid
  • Mutation
  • Structural model


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