A novel gradient echo plural contrast imaging method detects brain tissue abnormalities in patients with TBI without evident anatomical changes on clinical MRI: A pilot study

Serguei V. Astafiev, Jie Wen, David L. Brody, Anne H. Cross, Andrey P. Anokhin, Kristina L. Zinn, Maurizio Corbetta, Dmitriy A. Yablonskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research objectives It is widely accepted that mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) causes injury to the white matter, but the extent of gray matter (GM) damage in mTBI is less clear. Methods We tested 26 civilian healthy controls and 14 civilian adult subacute-chronic mTBI patients using quantitative features of MRI-based Gradient Echo Plural Contrast Imaging (GEPCI) technique. GEPCI data were reconstructed using previously developed algorithms allowing the separation of R2t∗, a cellular-specific part of gradient echo MRI relaxation rate constant, from global R2∗ affected by BOLD effect and background gradients. Results Single-subject voxel-wise analysis (comparing each mTBI patient to the sample of 26 control subjects) revealed GM abnormalities that were not visible on standard MRI images (T1w and T2w). Analysis of spatial overlap for voxels with low R2t∗ revealed tissue abnormalities in multiple GM regions, especially in the frontal and temporal regions, that are frequently damaged after mTBI. The left posterior insula was the region with abnormalities found in the highest proportion (50%) of mTBI patients. Conclusions Our data suggest that GEPCI quantitative R2t metric has potential to detect abnormalities in GM cellular integrity in individual TBI patients, including abnormalities that are not detectable by a standard clinical MRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-227
Number of pages10
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • MRI
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • gray matter

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A novel gradient echo plural contrast imaging method detects brain tissue abnormalities in patients with TBI without evident anatomical changes on clinical MRI: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this