The EGR1/NGFI-A transcription factor directly activates the luteinizing hormone β (LHβ) subunit promoter, and female mice lacking EGR1 are infertile due to LHβ deficiency. The NGFI-A-binding proteins NAB1 and NAB2 are corepressors of EGR1/NGFI-A and of the related proteins EGR2/Krox20 and EGR3. Here we report that at certain promoters, including LHβ, NAB proteins display a novel ability to stimulate EGR-directed transcription. NAB coactivation requires the conserved NCD2 protein domain, previously implicated in NAB corepression, is strictly dependent upon EGR binding to the LHβ proximal promoter and is independent of EGR activation domains. Furthermore, we report that NAB-activated promoters such as LHβ contain EGR consensus sites that are fewer in number and lower in binding affinity than those found at NAB-repressed promoters such as basic fibroblast growth factor. Analysis of mutant and synthetic promoters confirms that both the strength and multiplicity of EGR-binding sites influence the transcriptional outcome of NAB recruitment. These results suggest a novel means by which EGR target genes could be differentially regulated in cells where EGR and NAB proteins are coexpressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9749-9757
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number13
StatePublished - Mar 31 2000


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