A multi-institutional report of peri-operative and functional outcomes after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in patients with a solitary kidney

Zeynep Gul, Kyle A. Blum, David J. Paulucci, Ronney Abaza, Daniel D. Eun, Akshay Bhandari, Ashok K. Hemal, James Porter, Ketan K. Badani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To evaluate peri- and post-operative outcomes after robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) in patients with a solitary kidney. A multi-institutional database of 1868 patients was used to identify 35 patients with a solitary kidney who underwent RPN at six different centers from 2007 to 2016. Peri-operative outcomes were summarized with descriptive statistics. We assessed the change in eGFR over time with a linear mixed-effects model. Median operative time, ischemia time, and estimated blood loss were 172 min, 16 min, and 113 mL, respectively. There were no positive surgical margins. The median length of stay was 1 day (range 1–7), and over half (54.3%) of patients were discharged one post-operative day 1. Seven post-operative complications occurred in six patients (17.1%); of which four were Clavien I, two were Clavien II, and one was Clavien III. The linear decline in eGFR up to 24 month post-RPN was marginal and not significant (ß = − 0.14; 95% CI = − 0.51, 0.23; p = 0.453), with predicted mean eGFR decreasing from 59.2 to 55.8 mL/min/1.73 m2 at 24 months. These results suggest that, in patients with a solitary kidney, RPN is a safe and feasible treatment option. In patients with a solitary kidney, RPN did not significantly compromise renal function for up to 2 years after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Nephron sparing surgery
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Renal cancer
  • Robotics
  • Solitary kidney

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