The NOD-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain containing 6 (NLRP6) serves as a sensor for microbial dsRNA or lipoteichoic acid (LTA) in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), and initiating multiple pathways including inflammasome pathway and type I interferon (IFN) pathway, or regulating nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. NLRP6 can exert its function in both inflammasome-dependent and inflammasome-independent manners. However, there is no tool to distinguish the contribution of individual NLRP6-mediated pathway to the physiology and pathology in vivo. Here, we validated that Arg39 and Trp50 residues in the pyrin domain (PYD) of murine NLRP6 are required for ASC recruitment and inflammasome activation, but are not important for the RNA binding and PYD-independent NLRP6 oligomerization. We further generated the Nlrp6R39E&W50E mutant mice, which showed reduced inflammasome activation in either steady state intestine or during viral infection. However, the type I IFN production in cells or intestine tissue from Nlrp6R39E&W50E mutant mice remain normal. Interestingly, NLRP6-mediated inflammasome activation or the IFN-I production seems to play distinct roles in the defense responses against different types of RNA viruses. Our work generated a useful tool to study the inflammasome-dependent role of NLRP6 in vivo, which might help to understand the complexity of multiple pathways mediated by NLRP6 in response to the complicated and dynamic environmental cues in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e2321419121
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 6 2024


  • NLRP6
  • R39/W50 mutations
  • RNA virus
  • inflammasome
  • interferon


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