A modified fuzzy C-means method for segmenting MR images using non-local information

Yuan Feng, Hao Guo, Hongmiao Zhang, Chungang Li, Lining Sun, Sasa Mutic, Songbai Ji, Yanle Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: In recent years, MR images have been increasingly used in therapeutic applications such as image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). However, images with low contrast values and noises present challenges for image segmentation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to develop a robust method based on fuzzy C-means (FCM) method which can segment MR images polluted with Gaussian noise. METHODS: A modified FCM algorithm accommodating non-local pixel information via Hausdorff distance was developed for segmenting MR images. The membership and objective functions were modified accordingly. Segmentations with different weights of the Hausdorff distance were compared. RESULTS: Segmentation tests using synthetic and MR images showed that the proposed algorithm was better at resolving boundaries and more robust to Gaussian noise. By segmenting a sample MR image of a tumor, we further showed the capability of the method in capturing the centroid of the target region. CONCLUSIONS: The modified FCM algorithm with neighboring information can be used to segment blurry images with potential applications in segmenting motion MR images in image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S785-S793
JournalTechnology and Health Care
StatePublished - Jun 13 2016
Event4th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology, iCBEB 2015 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Aug 18 2015Aug 21 2015


  • Fuzzy C-means
  • Hausdorff distance
  • MR images
  • Motion images
  • Segmentation


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