A long-distance relationship: the commensal gut microbiota and systemic viruses

Emma S. Winkler, Larissa B. Thackray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Recent advances defining the role of the commensal gut microbiota in the development, education, induction, function, and maintenance of the mammalian immune system inform our understanding of how immune responses govern the outcome of systemic virus infection. While characterization of the impact of the local oral, respiratory, dermal and genitourinary microbiota on host immune responses and systemic virus infection is in its infancy, the gut microbiota interacts with host immunity systemically and at distal non-gastrointestinal tract sites to modulate the pathogenesis of systemic viruses. Gut microbes, microbe-associated molecular patterns, and microbe-derived metabolites engage receptors expressed on the cell surface, in the endosome, or in the cytoplasm to orchestrate optimal innate and adaptive immune responses important for controlling systemic virus infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Virology
StatePublished - Aug 2019


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