The Src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5′-phosphatase 1 (SHIP1) dephosphorylates phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate to phophatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate in hematopoietic cells to regulate multiple cell signaling pathways. SHIP1 can be phosphorylated by the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), resulting in an increase in SHIP1 activity (Zhang, J., Walk, S. F., Ravichandran, K. S., and Garrison, J. C. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284, 20070-20078). Using a combination of approaches, we identified the serine residue regulating SHIP1 activity. After mass spectrometric identification of 17 serine and threonine residues on SHIP1 as being phosphorylated by PKA in vitro, studies with truncation mutants of SHIP1 narrowed the phosphorylation site to the catalytic region between residues 400 and 866. Of the two candidate phosphorylation sites located in this region (Ser440 and Ser774), only mutation of Ser440 to Ala abolished the ability of PKA to phosphorylate the purified, catalytic domain of SHIP1 (residues 401-866). Mutation of Ser440 to Ala in full-length SHIP1 abrogated the ability of PKA to increase the activity of SHIP1 in mammalian cells. Using flow cytometry, we found that the PKA activator, Sp-adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphorothioate triethylammonium salt hydrate (Sp-cAMPS) blunted the phosphorylation of Akt downstream of B cell antigen receptor engagement in SHIP1-null DT40 B lymphocytes expressing native mouse SHIP1. The inhibitory effect of Sp-cAMPS was absent in cells expressing the S440A mutant of SHIP1. These results suggest that activation of SHIP1 by PKA via phosphorylation on Ser440 is an important regulatory event in hematopoietic cells.