A human chromosome 7 yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) resource: construction, characterization, and screening

Eric D. Green, Valerie V. Braden, Robert S. Fulton, Regina Lim, Melinda S. Ueltzen, Dale C. Peluso, Rose M. Mohr-Tidwell, Jacquelyn R. Idol, Leslie M. Smith, Ilya Chumakov, Denis Le Paslier, Daniel Cohen, Terence Featherstone, Philip Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The paradigm of sequence-tagged site (STS)-content mapping involves the systematic assignment of STSs to individual cloned DNA segments. To date, yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) represent the most commonly employed cloning system for constructing STS maps of large genomic intervals, such as whole human chromosomes. For developing a complete YAC-based STS-content map of human chromosome 7, we wished to utilize a limited set of YAC clones that were highly enriched for chromosome 7 DNA. Toward that end, we have assembled a human chromosome 7 YAC resource that consists of three major components: (1) a newly constructed library derived from a human-hamster hybrid cell line containing chromosome 7 as its only human DNA; (2) a chromosome 7-enriched sublibrary derived from the CEPH mega-YAC collection by Alu-polymerase chain reaction (Alu-PCR)-based hybridization; and (3) a set of YACs isolated from several total genomic libraries by screening for > 125 chromosome 7 STSs. In particular, the hybrid cell line-derived YACs, which comprise the majority of the clones in the resource, have a relatively low chimera frequency (10-20%) based on mapping isolated insert ends to panels of human-hamster hybrid cell lines and analyzing individual clones by fluorescence in situ hybridization. An efficient strategy for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based screening of this YAC resource, which totals 4190 clones, has been developed and utilized to identify corresponding YACs for > 600 STSs. The results of this initial screening effort indicate that the human chromosome 7 YAC resource provides an average of 6.9 positive clones per STS, a level of redundancy that should support the assembly of large YAC contigs and the construction of a high-resolution STS-content map of the chromosome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-183
Number of pages14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


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