Endothelial dysfunction worsens when body mass index (BMI) increases. Pannexin1 (Panx1) ATP release channels regulate endothelial function and lipid homeostasis in mice. We investigated whether the Panx1-400A>C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), encoding for a gain-of-function channel, associates with endothelial dysfunction in non-obese and obese individuals. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured by 13 N-ammonia positron emission/computed tomography at rest, during cold pressor test (CPT) or dipyridamole-induced hyperemia. Myocardial flow reserve (MFR) and endothelial function were compared in 43 non-obese (BMI < 30 kg/m2) vs. 29 obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) participants and genotyping for the Panx1-400A>C SNP was performed. Groups comprised subjects homozygous for the C allele (n = 40) vs. subjects with at least one A allele (n = 32). MBF (during CPT or hyperemia), MFR and endothelial function correlated negatively with BMI in the full cohort. BMI correlated negatively with MFR and endothelial function in non-obese Panx1-400C subjects, but not in Panx1-400A individuals nor in obese groups. BMI correlated positively with serum triglycerides, insulin or HOMA. MFR correlated negatively with these factors in non-obese Panx1-400C but not in Panx1-400A individuals. Here, we demonstrated that Panx1-400C SNP predisposes to BMI-dependent endothelial dysfunction in non-obese subjects. This effect may be masked by excessive dysregulation of metabolic factors in obese individuals.
- Endothelial function