A Genetic Familial Study of Monoamine Oxidase B Activity and Concentration in Alcoholics

Eric J. Devor, C. Robert Cloninger, Sau‐Wah ‐W Kwan, Creed W. Abell

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    11 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Platelet monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) activity and concentration were studied in a small sample of alcoholic families (n= 8) and in 20 unrelated, nonalcoholic controls. Complex segregation analyses of familial data indicated that both activity and concentration are controlled by a single major gene locus with a multifactorial background effect accounting for 0–50% of the variance. When the alcoholic family members (n= 24) were compared with the controls, all determinations of activity display significant differences, whereas MAO B concentration levels showed no difference. These results indicated that the lowered MAO B activities frequently reported among alcoholics do not reflect a change in the number of MAO B macromolecules expressed in platelets, but could be caused by the presence of an inhibitor or by a polymorphic or variant form of the enzyme.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)263-267
    Number of pages5
    JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
    Volume17
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1993

    Keywords

    • Activity Measures
    • Enzyme Concentration
    • Monoamine Oxidase B
    • Point‐Biserial Correlation
    • Segregation Analysis

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