Background: The mutations of KCNMA1 BK-type K+ channel have been identified in patients with various movement disorders. The underlying pathophysiology and corresponding therapeutics are lacking. Objectives: To report our clinical and biophysical characterizations of a novel de novo KCNMA1 variant, as well as an effective therapy for the patient's dystonia-atonia spells. Methods: Combination of phenotypic characterization, therapy, and biophysical characterization of the patient and her mutation. Results: The patient had >100 dystonia-atonia spells per day with mild cerebellar atrophy. She also had autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Whole-exome sequencing identified a heterozygous de novo BK N536H mutation. Our biophysical characterization demonstrates that N536H is a gain-of-function mutation with markedly enhanced voltage-dependent activation. Remarkably, administration of dextroamphetamine completely suppressed the dystonia-atonia spells. Conclusions: BK N536H is a gain-of-function that causes dystonia and other neurological symptoms. Our stimulant therapy opens a new avenue to mitigate KCNMA1-linked movement disorders.
- BK channelopathy
- movement disorders