A prenylated peptide specific to the C terminal tail of a G protein γ subunit type, γ5, inhibits activation of a G protein by the M2 muscarinic receptor. The γ5 peptide was tested for direct effects on the M2 receptor's properties. The wild type γ5 peptide reduced the affinity of M2 for the agonist, carbachol, more than 5-fold in an antagonist displacement assay. The peptide was inactive when its amino acid sequence was scrambled or when it was unprenylated. Although the wild type peptide reduced the affinity of M2 for the antagonist QNB, it had no effect on the antagonists NMS or atropine. These results suggest that in the presence of the peptide the M2 receptor adopts a novel conformational state that affects the ligand binding surface. The results also suggest that the G protein γ5 subunit tail interacts with a receptor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Mar 24 2006|
- G protein
- γ subunit