A formant bandwidth estimation procedure for vowel synthesis [43.72.Ja]

John W. Hawks, James D. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The specification of vowel formant bandwidths for speech synthesis has been inconsistent in the past, perhaps due to the difficulty of measuring formant bandwidths in natural speech and the possible perceptual insignificance of formant bandwidths on the intelligibility of synthetic speech. Here, regression equations are presented for the estimation of formant bandwidths based on measurements from natural speech which is based only on formant center frequency and independent of other formant values. Current usage, as well as comparison with another well-known estimation algorithm suggests that the new procedure should be quite acceptable for some types of speech synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1344
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1995


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