A fiber-based constitutive model predicts changes in amount and organization of matrix proteins with development and disease in the mouse aorta

Jeffrey K. Cheng, Ivan Stoilov, Robert P. Mecham, Jessica E. Wagenseil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Decreased elastin in mice (Eln+/-) yields a functioning vascular system with elevated blood pressure and increased arterial stiffness that is morphologically distinct from wild-type mice (WT). Yet, function is retained enough that there is no appreciable effect on life span and some mechanical properties are maintained constant. It is not understood how the mouse modifies the normal developmental process to produce a functioning vascular system despite a deficiency in elastin. To quantify changes in mechanical properties, we have applied a fiber-based constitutive model to mechanical data from the ascending aorta during postnatal development of WT and Eln+/- mice. Results indicate that the fiber-based constitutive model is capable of distinguishing elastin amounts and identifying trends during development. We observe an increase in predicted circumferential stress contribution from elastin with age, which correlates with increased elastin amounts from protein quantification data. The model also predicts changes in the unloaded collagen fiber orientation with age, which must be verified in future work. In Eln+/- mice, elastin amounts are decreased at each age, along with the predicted circumferential stress contribution of elastin. Collagen amounts in Eln+/- aorta are comparable to WT, but the predicted circumferential stress contribution of collagen is increased. This may be due to altered organization or structure of the collagen fibers. Relating quantifiable changes in arterial mechanics with changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) protein amounts will help in understanding developmental remodeling and in producing treatments for human diseases affecting ECM proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-510
Number of pages14
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Arterial mechanics
  • Arteries
  • Constitutive modeling
  • Developmental remodeling
  • Elastin

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