A drug safety evaluation of rituximab and risk of hepatitis B

Peter Riedell, Kenneth R. Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Rituximab is a widely prescribed anti-CD20 mAb for the treatment of CD20+ B-cell non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and many other immune mediated conditions. There is a well-described association between rituximab containing chemo-immunotherapy treatment and reactivation of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). This review summarizes the current literature surrounding rituximab-associated HBV reactivation.Areas covered: Herein, we review the literature detailing the risk of HBV reactivation in inactive carriers and those with resolved hepatitis. The clinical presentation and management of HBV reactivation are also discussed along with a summary of clinical trials evaluating antiviral prophylaxis. Finally, clinical recommendations are detailed. Data from clinical trials, observational studies, reviews, and meta-analyses available in the Medline database were included in this narrative review.Expert opinion: Screening should be performed in all patients prior to the administration of any type of anti-CD20 mAb therapy. Among those with positive screening serology, testing for hepatitis B e antigen or viral load by polymerase chain reaction is appropriate. In those patients with detectable HBV DNA, the decision regarding the use of antiviral prophylaxis or observation should be individualized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-987
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Safety
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Antiviral prophylaxis
  • Hepatitis B
  • Rituximab
  • Screening

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