One of the goals of the NIH Roadmap Initiative is to reengineer the national clinical research enterprise, with an emphasis on information technology solutions. Understanding end-users' workflow is critical to developing technology systems that are grounded in the context of the users' environment and are designed to fulfill their needs. Community practices are becoming the prevailing setting for conducting clinical research. Few studies have assessed clinical research workflow in such settings. We have conducted a series of investigations to model the workflow and have previously reported on some basic aspects of it, like the lack of information systems to support the workflow. In this paper we describe finer details of the workflow, using results of observational studies. These findings highlight the needs and inefficiencies that suggest the kind of information system that must be developed to enhance collaboration, communication and improve efficiency. This preliminary investigation also opens ground for more extensive studies to further elucidate the workflow.