A cyclic AMP-dependent form of associative synaptic plasticity induced by coactivation of β-adrenergic receptors and metabotropic glutamate receptors in rat hippocampus

Robert W. Gereau IV, P. Jeffrey Conn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that increases in intracellular cAMP increase evoked synaptic responses in area CA1 of the hippocampus. We recently reported that activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in hippocampal slices potentiates cAMP responses to activation of other receptors that are positively coupled to adenylyl cyclase through Gs. It is possible that by enhancing cAMP responses, mGluRs could markedly potentiate the ability of agonists of Gs-coupled receptors to potentiate synaptic responses in area CA1. Such synergistic activation of a second messenger system could be involved in an associative form of neuronal plasticity in which simultaneous activation of two independent inputs to a cell is required for induction of a given change in synaptic transmission or neuronal excitability. We therefore tested the hypothesis that coactivation of mGluRs and a Gs-coupled receptor (the β-adrenergic receptor) could lead to large increases in cAMP accumulation in hippocampus and thereby increase synaptic responses in area CA1. We report that coactivation of mGluRs and β- adrenergic receptors leads to a lasting (> 30 min) increase in the amplitude of evoked population spikes at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapse. This effect is not accompanied by an increase in excitatory postsynaptic currents or by a decrease in synaptic inhibition in area CA1, suggesting that it is not mediated by a lasting change in excitatory or inhibitory synaptic transmission. However, coactivation of these receptors leads to a persistent depolarization of CA1 pyramidal cells with a concomitant increase in input resistance. Furthermore, coactivation of these receptors induces a lasting decrease in a slow afterhyperpolarization that follows a burst of action potentials in these cells and a lasting decrease in spike frequency adaptation. These electrophysiological effects are blocked by the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine. Biochemical data suggest that the persistent increase in excitability of these cells is not mediated by a lasting increase in cAMP production. Taken together with previous reports demonstrating that cAMP analogs and the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin mimic these effects, these data suggest that the response to coactivation of mGluRs and β-adrenergic receptors is mediated by formation of cAMP and activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. This may represent a novel mechanism for an associative form of synaptic plasticity in the mammalian brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3310-3318
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number5 II
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

Keywords

  • 1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (ACPD)
  • adenylyl cyclase
  • cAMP
  • excitatory amino acid
  • metabotropic glutamate receptor
  • norepinephrine
  • protein kinase
  • synaptic plasticity

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