Background: Platelet adhesion and aggregation play a crucial role in arterial thrombosis and ischemic stroke. Here, we identify platelet ERO1α (endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductase 1α) as a novel regulator of Ca2+signaling and a potential pharmacological target for treating thrombotic diseases. Methods: Intravital microscopy, animal disease models, and a wide range of cell biological studies were utilized to demonstrate the pathophysiological role of ERO1α in arteriolar and arterial thrombosis and to prove the importance of platelet ERO1α in platelet activation and aggregation. Mass spectrometry, electron microscopy, and biochemical studies were used to investigate the molecular mechanism. We used novel blocking antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors to study whether ERO1α can be targeted to attenuate thrombotic conditions. Results: Megakaryocyte-specific or global deletion of Ero1α in mice similarly reduced platelet thrombus formation in arteriolar and arterial thrombosis without affecting tail bleeding times and blood loss following vascular injury. We observed that platelet ERO1α localized exclusively in the dense tubular system and promoted Ca2+mobilization, platelet activation, and aggregation. Platelet ERO1α directly interacted with STIM1 (stromal interaction molecule 1) and SERCA2 (sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2) and regulated their functions. Such interactions were impaired in mutant STIM1-Cys49/56Ser and mutant SERCA2-Cys875/887Ser. We found that ERO1α modified an allosteric Cys49-Cys56 disulfide bond in STIM1 and a Cys875-Cys887 disulfide bond in SERCA2, contributing to Ca2+store content and increasing cytosolic Ca2+levels during platelet activation. Inhibition of Ero1α with small-molecule inhibitors but not blocking antibodies attenuated arteriolar and arterial thrombosis and reduced infarct volume following focal brain ischemia in mice. Conclusions: Our results suggest that ERO1α acts as a thiol oxidase for Ca2+signaling molecules, STIM1 and SERCA2, and enhances cytosolic Ca2+levels, promoting platelet activation and aggregation. Our study provides evidence that ERO1α may be a potential target to reduce thrombotic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E206-E222
JournalCirculation research
Issue number11
StatePublished - May 26 2023


  • calcium signaling
  • ischemic stroke
  • platelet activation
  • thrombosis


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