A compilation of strategies for implementing clinical innovations in health and mental health

Byron J. Powell, J. Curtis McMillen, Enola K. Proctor, Christopher R. Carpenter, Richard T. Griffey, Alicia C. Bunger, Joseph E. Glass, Jennifer L. York

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

641 Scopus citations


Efforts to identify, develop, refine, and test strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based treatments have been prioritized in order to improve the quality of health and mental health care delivery. However, this task is complicated by an implementation science literature characterized by inconsistent language use and inadequate descriptions of implementation strategies. This article brings more depth and clarity to implementation research and practice by presenting a consolidated compilation of discrete implementation strategies, based on a review of 205 sources published between 1995 and 2011. The resulting compilation includes 68 implementation strategies and definitions, which are grouped according to six key implementation processes: planning, educating, financing, restructuring, managing quality, and attending to the policy context. This consolidated compilation can serve as a reference to stakeholders who wish to implement clinical innovations in health and mental health care and can facilitate the development of multifaceted, multilevel implementation plans that are tailored to local contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-157
Number of pages35
JournalMedical Care Research and Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • evidence-based practice
  • health
  • implementation research
  • implementation strategies
  • mental health


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