A comparison of basiliximab and anti-thymocyte globluin as induction agents after lung transplantation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Interleukin-2 receptor antagonists have supplanted polyclonal antibody preparations as the most frequently used induction agents after lung transplantation, but the relative efficacy of these agents has not been firmly established. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of basiliximab compared with antithymocyte globulin among 157 adult lung transplant recipients at our center. Results: At 3, 6, and 12 months after transplantation, the median cumulative acute rejection A scores for the basiliximab group (2, 2, and 3, respectively) were significantly higher than those for the anti-thymocyte globulin group (1, 1, and 2, respectively; p = 0.003, 0.004, and 0.033, respectively). In addition, basiliximab recipients were more likely to develop acute rejection grade < A2 than anti-thymocyte globulin recipients; in fact, 60% of basiliximab recipients compared with 38% of anti-thymocyte globulin recipients developed their first episode of acute rejection grade < A2 in the first 100 days after transplantation (log-rank p = 0.04). Furthermore, basiliximab recipients were more likely to develop bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome than anti-thymocyte globulin recipients (log-rank p = 0.036). Two years after transplantation, 36% of basiliximab recipients and 26% of anti-thymocyte globulin recipients developed bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. However, there were no significant differences in the incidences of cytomegalovirus viremia and pneumonitis between the 2 groups (p = 0.86 and 0.89, respectively). Conclusions: Induction with anti-thymocyte globulin is associated with a lower burden of acute rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome compared with basiliximab, without a significant difference in the incidence of cytomegalovirus infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1320-1326
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison of basiliximab and anti-thymocyte globluin as induction agents after lung transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this