A Combination of Pathological Features Identifies Crohn's Disease in Surgical Bowel Resection Specimens

Yujuan Fu, Xiuli Liu, Jiaqi Xu, Tingting Zhong, Junchang Jiang, Tianhong Fu, Qian Cao, Zhinong Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diagnosis of Crohn's disease is challenging. This study aims to compare the histological features of Crohn's disease and non-Crohn's disease (other intestinal inflammatory diseases) in surgical specimens to identify a set of histologic features distinguishing Crohn's disease from non-Crohn's disease. Methods: Patients with Crohn's disease (N = 171) and patients with non-Crohn's disease (N = 215) diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 who had surgical bowel resection were identified. The frequency of histological features in surgical resection specimens was compared between these two groups. Results: Univariate analysis revealed that transmural inflammation, subserosal lymphoid aggregates, fissures or sinus-like structures, granulomas or granuloma-like nodules, abnormalities of the enteric nervous system, and mucosa structure alterations (muscularis mucosa thickening or mucosal atrophy with pseudopyloric gland metaplasia) were more frequent in Crohn's disease than non-Crohn's disease cases (p < 0.001 for all). Some of the above histologic features were further grouped as chronic inflammatory change which includes granulomas or granuloma-like nodules, lymphoid aggregates in the muscularis propria or subserosa, fissures or sinus-like structures, and architectural abnormality which is defined as the presence of abnormal enteric nervous system and/or mucosa structural alterations (muscularis mucosa thickening or mucosal atrophy with pseudopyloric gland metaplasia). A combination of transmural inflammation, chronic inflammatory change, and architectural abnormality had a sensitivity of 92.4% and a specificity of 97.7% for Crohn's disease. Conclusions: In surgical bowel resection specimens, a combination of transmural inflammation, chronic inflammatory change, and architectural abnormality help diagnose Crohn's disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Surgical Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • histology
  • surgical bowel resection

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