A church-based intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among African American men

Bettina F. Drake, Rachel C. Shelton, Timothy Gilligan, Jennifer D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This feasibility study developed and pilot tested an intervention to: (1) increase knowledge about prostate cancer screening; and (2) promote self-efficacy to participate in the informed decision-making process. Setting: African American men are a priority audience for prostate cancer screening interventions to promote informed decision making, and faith-based settings have been shown to be an effective venue to reach this population. Therefore we used predominantly African American churches to develop and test our intervention. Participants: Participants (N = 73) were recruited, and the intervention was administered by an African American health educator. Intervention: We developed and pretested a prostate cancer screening informed decision-making intervention based on the Ottawa Decision Support Framework and the health belief model. The intervention included a tool called the "road map," which depicts the potential consequences of a decision to undergo or forgo screening. A quasiexperimental design was used to test the intervention. Main Outcome Measures: The main outcome measures were change in knowledge and self-efficacy post intervention. Results: Prostate cancer knowledge (p < .0001) and self-efficacy (p = .025) significantly increased. Conclusions: A church-based intervention delivered by an African American health educator is a promising strategy for promoting informed decision making among African American men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-173
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • African americans
  • Prostate cancer
  • Racial disparities
  • Screening

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