Mice lacking the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor/pre-B cell growth stimulating factor or its primary physiological receptor CXCR4 revealed defects in B lymphopoiesis and bone marrow myelopoiesis during embryogenesis. We show here that adoptive transfer experiments reveal a deficiency in long- term lymphoid and myeloid repopulation in adult bone marrow by CXCR4(-/-) fetal liver cells, although stromal cell-derived factor/pre-B cell growth stimulating factor(-/-) fetal liver cells yield normal multilineage reconstitution. These findings indicate that CXCR4 is required cell autonomously for lymphoid and myeloid repopulation in bone marrow. In addition, CXCR4(-/-) fetal liver cells generated much more severely reduced numbers of B cells relative to other lineages in bone marrow. Furthermore, the repopulation of c-kit+ Sca-1+ lin(low/-) cells by CXCR4(-/-) fetal liver cells was less affected compared with c-kit+ Sca-1-lin(low/-) cells. By previous studies, it has been shown that c-kit+ Sea-1+ lin(low/-) cells are highly purified primitive hematopoietic progenitors and that c-kit+ Sca- 1- lin(low/-) cells are more committed hematopoietic progenitors in mice. Thus, CXCR4 may play an essential role in generation and/or expansion of early hematopoietic progenitors within bone marrow.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 11 1999|