A bone-specific adipogenesis pathway in fat-free mice defines key origins and adaptations of bone marrow adipocytes with age and disease

Xiao Zhang, Hero Robles, Kristann L. Magee, Madelyn R. Lorenz, Zhaohua Wang, Charles Harris, Clarissa Craft, Erica L. Scheller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bone marrow adipocytes accumulate with age and in diverse disease states. However, their origins and adaptations in these conditions remain unclear, impairing our understanding of their context-specific endocrine functions and relationship with surrounding tissues. In this study, by analyzing bone and adipose tissues in the lipodystrophic ‘fat-free’ mouse, we define a novel, secondary adipogenesis pathway that relies on the recruitment of adiponectin-negative stromal progenitors. This pathway is unique to the bone marrow and is activated with age and in states of metabolic stress in the fat-free mouse model, resulting in the expansion of bone marrow adipocytes specialized for lipid storage with compromised lipid mobilization and cytokine expression within regions traditionally devoted to hematopoiesis. This finding further distinguishes bone marrow from peripheral adipocytes and contributes to our understanding of bone marrow adipocyte origins, adaptation, and relationships with surrounding tissues with age and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere66275
JournaleLife
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Adipogenesis
  • Adiponectin
  • Aging
  • Bone marrow adipocyte
  • Metabolism
  • Progenitor cells

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