Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was used to identify and confirm the presence of 6-acetylmorphine and morphine in 22,361 urines of pain management patients. Thirty urines tested positive for 6-acetylmorphine above a cutoff of 10 ng/mL. Twenty-three percent of the patients with urinary concentrations of 6-acetylmorphine above 10 ng/mL had urinary morphine concentrations below 300 ng/mL.
- Pain patients
- Urinary excretion