4-(5-Amino-pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives as novel multi-target anti-inflammatory agents endowed with inhibitory activity against COX-2, 5-LOX and carbonic anhydrase: Design, synthesis, and biological assessments

Mahmoud A. Ragab, Wagdy M. Eldehna, Alessio Nocentini, Alessandro Bonardi, Hazem E. Okda, Bahaa Elgendy, Tarek S. Ibrahim, Mohammad M. Abd-Alhaseeb, Paola Gratteri, Claudiu T. Supuran, Ahmed A. Al-Karmalawy, Mohamed Elagawany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the current medical era, the single target inhibition paradigm of drug discovery has given way to the multi-target design concept. As the most intricate pathological process, inflammation gives rise to a variety of diseases. There are several drawbacks to the single target anti-inflammatory drugs currently available. Herein, we present the design and synthesis of a novel series of 4-(5-amino-pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives (7a-j) with COX-2, 5-LOX and carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitory activities as potential multi-target anti-inflammatory agents. The pharmacophoric 4-(pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide moiety in Celecoxib was used as the core scaffold and different substituted phenyl and 2-thienyl tails were grafted via a hydrazone linker to enhance inhibitory activity against hCA IX and XII isoforms, yielding target pyrazoles 7a-j. All reported pyrazoles were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against COX-1, COX-2, and 5-LOX. Pyrazoles 7a, 7b, and 7j showed the best inhibitory activities against the COX-2 isozyme (IC50 = 49, 60 and 60 nM, respectively) and against 5-LOX (IC50 = 2.4, 1.9, and 2.5 μM, respectively) with excellent SI indices (COX-1/COX-2) of 212.24, 208.33, and 158.33, respectively. In addition, the inhibitory activities of pyrazoles 7a-j were evaluated against four different hCA isoforms I, II, IX, and XII. Both transmembrane hCA IX and XII isoforms were potently inhibited by pyrazoles 7a-j with KI values in the nanomolar range; 13.0–82.1 nM and 5.8–62.0 nM, respectively. Furthermore, pyrazoles 7a and 7b with the highest COX-2 activity and selectivity indices were evaluated in vivo for their analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and ulcerogenic activities. The serum level of the inflammatory mediators was then measured in order to confirm the anti-inflammatory activities of pyrazoles 7a and 7b.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115180
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2023

Keywords

  • Analgesic
  • Inflammatory mediators
  • Molecular modeling
  • Pyrazoles
  • Ulcerogenic activity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of '4-(5-Amino-pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives as novel multi-target anti-inflammatory agents endowed with inhibitory activity against COX-2, 5-LOX and carbonic anhydrase: Design, synthesis, and biological assessments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this