3D Printed Antibiotic and Chemotherapeutic Eluting Catheters for Potential Use in Interventional Radiology: In Vitro Proof of Concept Study

Jeffery A. Weisman, David H. Ballard, Udayabhanu Jammalamadaka, Karthik Tappa, Jan Sumerel, Horacio B. D'Agostino, David K. Mills, Pamela K. Woodard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale and Objectives: Additive manufacturing may be used as a form of personalized medicine in interventional radiology by allowing for the creation of customized bioactive constructs such as catheters that can act as a form of localized drug delivery. The purpose of the present in vitro study was to use three-dimensional (3D) printing to construct bioactive-laden bioabsorbable catheters impregnated with antibiotics and chemotherapeutics. Materials and Methods: Polylactic acid bioplastic pellets were coated with the powdered bioactive compounds gentamicin sulfate (GS) or methotrexate (MTX) to incorporate these drugs into the 3D printed constructs. The pellets were then extruded into drug-impregnated filament for fused deposition modeling 3D printing. Computer-aided design files were generated in the shapes of 14-F catheters. Scanning electron microscope imaging was used to visualize the presence of the additive powders on the surface of the printed constructs. Elution profiles were run on the antibiotic-laden catheter and MTX-laden catheters. Antibiotic-laden catheters were tested on bacterial broth and plate cultures. Results: Both GS and MTX catheter constructs had sustained drug release up to the 5-day limit of testing. The 3D printed GS-enhanced catheters inhibited all bacterial growth in broth cultures and had an average zone of inhibition of 858 ± 118 mm 2 on bacterial plates, whereas control catheters had no effect. Conclusion: The 3D printing manufacturing method to create instruments in percutaneous procedures is feasible. Further in vivo studies will substantiate these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-274
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic radiology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • additive manufacturing
  • catheter
  • interventional radiology
  • personalized medicine
  • three-dimensional printing

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