A YAC/STS map has been assembled spanning 22 Mb across Xq12-q21.31, between markers DXS1125 and DXS95. In addition to the landmark loci for the X-inactivation center XIST and the ATRX, ATP7A, phosphoglycerate kinase, POU3F4, and choroideremia genes, the candidate disease gene regions for torsion dystonia 3 and two X-linked mental retardation syndromes are included. Also, the human voltage-dependent anion channel gene (HVDAC1) has been placed near DXS986. The current map incorporates 211 YACs from five different libraries, formatted with 185 STSs that comprise 26 genetic linkage markers, 60 newly-developed YAC-end STSs, and eight ESTs. The multiple clone coverage and average resolution of one STS per 120 kb provide resources for disease gene searches and are facilitating complete sequencing of the region.
- X-linked mental retardation